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中国专题研究报告  
中国高考制度的意义、历史及未来
发布日期:2013-01-09浏览次数:字号:[ ]

沙麦可【美国】

[摘要]中国的普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(高考)被认为是解决保证上大学公正性问题最合理的方式。作为中央政府制定本国教育制度的工具之一,高考政策对学生的教育内容起到了极大的作用。同时,该制度对其所存在的社会有很大影响。如传统科举考试制度一样,高考制度的实施,能够便于中央政府掌握社会和经济的发展方向与速度。在计划经济制度之下,教育制度、高考制度以及工作制度是互相配合的一个完整的社会体系。本研究的重点问题是,今天的高考制度是否仍然适合今天的市场经济的需要?高考是有利于学生的个人发展,还是会对学生毕业以后面对的现实挑战产生负面影响?通过对于高考制度的历史、影响以及与科举制度的比较分析后,笔者认为中国的高考制度并不适合现阶段的经济制度,而中国的崛起,又取决于经济的发展,因此,改革现行的高考制度是势在必行的。

关键词:高考制度、教育制度、科举制度、制度改革

[Abstract] In China the National Higher Education Entrance Examination is thought to be the most reasonable way to solve the issue of ensuring fairness in student acceptance and enrollment at the university level.  As one of the principle methods by which the central government organizes the nation’s education system the Examination plays a large role in the content of the education students in this system receive.  At the same time it also has a heavy influence on the society within which it exists.  As the Imperial Examination before the Entrance Examination allows the central government to maintain control over the direction and speed of development in society and the economy.  Under the planned economic system education in China the Entrance Examination and the system of work distribution was a coordinated complete social system.  The focus of this research is to ask the question does today’s Entrance Examination still meet the needs of today’s market economy  Also is the Examination beneficial to the personal development of students in China or is it disadvantageous for them in meeting the real challenges they will face after graduation  After analyzing the history and impact of the Examination as well as doing a comparison study with the old Imperial Examination system this author feels that today’s Entrance Examination system is not suited to the needs of today’s economic system.  Furthermore since China’s rise depends on its economic development reformation of the Examination system is an unavoidable fact.

Key Words National Higher Education Entrance Examination Education System Imperial Examination System Reform

全文:中国高考制度的意义、历史及未来




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