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中国专题研究报告  
从东西方文化的差异看中西医
发布日期:2013-01-09浏览次数:字号:[ ]

威尔逊·莎琳【澳大利亚】

[摘要]医学与文化之间有一种很密切的互动关系。人们的文化、知识、价值观、风俗和信念都影响人们的病患观及健康观。人们如何感知病患、如何描述症状、如何了解病因都奠定于文化的基础。同样地,这些文化的因素亦涉及到人们选择的医疗方式。中国文化与西方文化是迥异的,故在这些保健观的方面亦有各自的特征。本文从历史的角度阐述了中西医在发展进程中与文化的密切关系,着眼于文化差异剖析了中西医的不同之处。从而说明或许中西医合而为一是一件比较难的事。

[关键词]文化;医学;中医;西医;人类学

The Integration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine A Review of Eastern and Western Cultural Differences as seen in Medicine

[Abstract]There is a very intimate interactive relationship between medicine and culture. A person’s culture including their knowledge values customs and beliefs all influence ones concept of both sickness and health. How a person perceives sickness describes their symptoms and ones understanding of what causes disease all stem from ones underlying cultural foundation. Likewise cultural factors also determine a person’s preferred treatment method. Chinese and Western culture are entirely different therefore the respective concept of health in these two cultures have their own characteristic features. This paper examines the historical development of both Chinese and Western culture as related to medicinecompares the difference in sickness concepts and reflects on perhaps the greatest challenge to uniting Chinese and Western medicine to become one entity.

[Key Words]CultureMedicineTraditional Chinese MedicineWestern MedicineAnthropology

全文:从东西方文化的差异看中西医




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